Did you know?
Up to 80% of adults have already experienced an episode of adrenal fatigue syndrome, yet, this disorder remains frequently undiagnosed.
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Adrenal glands are two nickel-sized glands, just above the kidneys. Adrenals produce and control cortisol, which has a major role in stress management. Each gland is divided into two superposed parts: the cortico-adrenal glands (exterior) and the medulla-adrenal glands (center). Several disorders can affect the adrenal glands.
Addison’s disease and acute adrenal gland failure correspond to a decrease of hormone secretion in the cortico-adrenal glands.
Conn’s adenoma, a benign tumour of the cortico-adrenal gland, leading to hyperproduction of mineralocorticoids.
Corticosuprarenaloma, a tumour of the cortico-adrenal gland, presenting potential malignancy.
Medulla-adrenal glands can be affected by pheochromocytoma, a tumour that synthesises an excessive quantity of catecholamines (noradrenalin and adrenalin).
Treatment of adrenal gland disorders is decided according to which disorder is diagnosed. In case of adrenal gland failure or excess secretion of hormones, the doctor can prescribe medicine destined to compensate and re-establish hormonal concentrations in the organism. In certain cases, evolution of the disorder can require surgical intervention.
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Fiche Adrenal gland disorders
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