Respiratory medicine, or pulmonology as it is sometimes known, is the branch of medicine that deals with illnesses and disorders of the respiratory tract (mainly the trachea, bronchi and lungs). The most common diseases affecting the respiratory tract include asthma and COPD, lung cancer and lung infections such as pneumonia or tuberculosis.

Respiratory illnesses can be hereditary, but are often caused by environmental factors, in particular smoking or exposure to other toxins.

Below is a list of the main conditions in cardiology:

  • Aortic diseases
  • Cardiac arrhythmia
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Congenital heart disease
  • Endocarditis/pericarditis
  • Heart failure
  • Hypertension (high blood pressure)
  • Ischemic heart disease
  • Peripheral vascular disease
  • Syncope
  • Valvular heart disease