Neurology is the branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of conditions of the central nervous system (brain, spinal cord) and the peripheral nervous system (nerve roots and peripheral nerves).

Some one billion people world-wide, including over 175 million in Europe, have a neurological disorder, excluding psychiatric disorders. The primary diseases and disorders concerned in the area of neurology are:

    • Alzheimer’s disease and other forms of dementia
    • Autism
    • Disorders requiring neurological re-education
    • Dyslexia
    • Dystonia and non-Parkinsonian extrapyramidal disorders
    • Epilepsy
    • Headache
    • Hereditary ataxia
    • Huntington’s disease
    • Motor neuron disease and spinal muscular atrophy
    • Meningitis or infectious or autoimmune encephalitis
    • Myasthenia gravis or diseases of the neuromuscular junction and muscles
    • Neurofibromatosis and other neurogenetic disorders
    • Optic neuritis and other vision (neuro-ophthalmological) disorders
    • Parkinson’s disease
    • Polyneuropathy and disorders of the peripheral nervous system
    • Multiple sclerosis and other demyelinating diseases
    • Sleep disorders
    • Stroke and other cerebrovascular diseases
    • Vertigo and other neuro-otological disorders