Illnesses of the bones and parathyroid glands

Did you know?

The endocrine system is complex and hormone disorders can have potentially profound consequences at a number of levels.

To help you find the best help possible, Concilio’s medical team is by your side to help you find the solution to your endocrine problems.

General information concerning the parathyroid glands

Situated in proximity of the thyroid, more precisely behind the lateral lobes of the body of the thyroid, are four parathyroid glands including two superior and two inferior glands. These glands are 3 mm long and 5 mm thick. They are responsible for secretion of PTH, which assures proper renal, bone, and duodenal function. This hormone:

  • Regulates levels of calcium and phosphor in the blood stream

  • Helps with the transformation of vitamin D

  • Supports calcium resorption in the kidneys and duodenum

  • Regulates phosphor resorption

  • Contributes to osteolysis (bone resorption)

Parathyroid illnesses

  1. Hyperparathyroidism is one of the most frequent pathologies affecting the parathyroid glands. It affects mostly women aged between 55 to 75 years. Primary hyperparathyroidism is distinguished by an adenoma accompanied by elevated calcium blood levels (hypercalcaemia). Secondary hyperparathyroidism manifests by an excess production of PTH accompanied by calcium deficiency.

  2. Hypoparathyroidism corresponds to a PTH deficiency following a cervical surgery (total thyroidectomy), a destruction of the parathyroid glands, alcoholic intoxication, or genetic origin. Hypoparathyroidism is characterized by chronic hypocalcaemia. The most frequently reported symptoms are: a decrease in bone remodelling, an increase of bone mineralisation, cramps, contractions, paraesthesia of the lips, arms or legs, ocular problems, dermatological problems, and cardiac problems.

Why is it important to obtain the best care when you are ill?

Concilio enables you to access the best healthcare available to you. Our medical team will personally assist you to help you deal with any health issue.

  • In 45% of cases, your diagnosis or treatment plan could be optimized
  • 9 out 10 doctors prescribe unnecessary medical acts: surgery, repeat investigations, non-compliance with recommended best medical practice
  • All hospitals and clinics are not equal. Some are better suited to treating your illness than others.
  • Medicine is becoming more and more specialized. It can be complicated to obtain reliable medical information and ensure you get to see the medical practitioner that’s right for you and your condition

Fiche Illnesses of the bones and parathyroid glands

  • Author : Florian Reinaud, MD
  • Date :

754 peer-recommended endocrinologists have been identified by concilio