Tumor pathology : benign or malignant tumors

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Clinical criteria

Tumors are classified according to three criteria: clinical, histological, and evolving. To establish a diagnosis, the doctor carries out inspections and palpations. Contrary to a malignant tumour which invades neighbouring cells, and organs, a benign tumour is limited by a demarcated boundary. For a tumor to be considered as malignant, the structure is anarchic, and the contours are difficultly discerned.

Histological criteria

Via a microscopic examination, the doctor can determine if it is a benign or malignant tumor. A benign tumor displays a structure similar to that of a normal cell. These limits stand out well. For a malignant tumor, the structure is anarchic. It is difficult to discern its contours./p>

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Evolving criteria

Depending on the mode of evolution, a tumour is named as benign or malignant. Simply put, a benign tumour evolves locally. To take place and evolve, it pushes elements in the surrounding environment. A malignant tumour invades structures in its’ surrounding environment. It can corrode bones or infiltrate blood vessels or nerves. It will present itself clinically. For example, the invasion of blood vessels can cause bleeding, and the invasion of nerves will provoke motor or sensory problems.

Fiche Tumor pathology

  • Author : Florian Reinaud, MD
  • Date :

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