Orthopedics is concerned with conditions of the musculoskeletal system: bones, joints, muscles, tendons, and spinal column. Orthopedic surgery treats congenital malformations and repairs conditions that develop over time or as a result of trauma. Every year over 300 million orthopedic operations are carried out around the world, 75% of which take place in developed countries.

The primary reasons for consulting an orthopedic surgeon are:

 

  • Bone tumour removal (primary or metastatic bone disease)
  • Congenital disorders of the hip, leg, or foot
  • Foot and ankle surgery
  • Hip replacement
  • Hip resurfacing
  • Joint reconstruction/replacement
  • Knee arthroscopy
  • Partial knee replacement
  • Shoulder repair
  • Spinal surgery
  • Total knee replacement
  • Traumatic fracture of the lower limbs
  • Traumatic fracture of the upper limbs
  • Traumatic lesions of ligaments/tendons (torn cruciate ligament or Achilles tendon)